6-9 Months References

This page contains a full list of all the studies and research papers that were used in the creation of the 6-9 months Busy Brains Activity Packs. These findings inspired the compilation of the educational play ideas that are found inside. 

Adolph, K. Franchak, J. The development of motor behavior. Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Cognitive science [Online] NCBI. Published online 2016.  [Viewed: 16 January 2021] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5182199/ 

Akhtar, N. Gernsbacher, M. A. Joint Attention and Vocabulary Development: A Critical Look. Language and linguistics compass, [Online] NCBI. 2007. Vol.1, No. 3, Pages 195–207. [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4258841/#R45

Alahyane, N. Lemoine- Lardennois, C. Tailhefer, C. Collins,T. Fagard, J. Doré-Mazars, K. Development and learning of saccadic eye movements in 7- to 42-month-old children. Journal of Vision. [Online] ARVO. 2016. Vol.16, No.1 [Viewed: 27 April 2019] Available at: https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2481459

Bernier, A., Calkins, S. D., & Bell, M. A. Longitudinal Associations Between the Quality of Mother-Infant Interactions and Brain Development Across Infancy. Child development. [Online] NCBI. 2016. Vol.87, No.4, Pages:1159–1174. [Viewed: 6 May 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4939105/

Children And Schemas - Understanding Different Play Behaviours. Sands, C. 2014 [Viewed: 4 May 2019] Available at: https://www.childrensscrapstore.co.uk/blog/2014/07/parents-4-play-children-and-schemas-by.html-jgd5g


Cold or Warm, Can We Really Tell? Science Buddies, 2015 [Viewed: 10 May 2019] Available at:


Crawling May Be Unnecessary for Normal Child Development. Wong, K. Scientific American 2009 [Viewed: 7 May 2019] Available from: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/crawling-may-be-unnecessary/


Edible finger paint. Homan, D. 2014 [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available from: http://homanathome.com/2016/02/edible-fingerpaints/


Fine motor skills for babies (birth to 18 months) Parenthub. 2018 [Viewed: 6 May 2019] Available from: https://www.parenthub.com.au/education/fine-motor-skills-infants-birth-18-months/


Frank MC, Vul E, Johnson SP. Development of infants' attention to faces during the first year. Cognition. [Online] NCBI. 2008 Vol.110 No. 2 Pages: 160–170. [Viewed: 27 April 2019] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2663531/


Fun With Puppet Play What to Expect. 2019 [Viewed: 8 May 2019] Available from: https://www.whattoexpect.com/playroom/playtime-tips/fun-with-puppet-play.aspx


Gerson, S. A., Schiavio, A., Timmers, R., & Hunnius, S. Active Drumming Experience Increases Infants' Sensitivity to Audiovisual Synchrony during Observed Drumming Actions. PloS one. [Online] NCBI. 2015. Vol.10, No.6, e0130960. [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4482535/


​Infant Categorization Development Infant Cognition Lab - Dr. Lisa Oakes - Center for Mind and Brain - University of California, Davis. Date Unknown. [Viewed: 11 May 2019] Available at: http://oakeslab.ucdavis.edu/infant-categorization-development.html#


Is Your Baby Hitting These 19 Standing Milestones? Adam & Mila, 2019 [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available at: https://www.adam-mila.com/milestones/gross-motor-skills/standing/


Izard, C. E. Emotions as motivations: An evolutionary-developmental perspective. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. [Online] APA PsychNET. 1978. Vol. 26, Pages: 163-200. [Abstract Viewed: 27 April 2019] Available at: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1982-11912-001


Joint Attention Skills and the Child with Autism, Daymut, J. Super Duper Publications, 2009. [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available at: https://www.superduperinc.com/handouts/pdf/196_JoinAttentionandASD.pdf

Learning through play in the early years RNIB, 2015. [Viewed: 11 May 2019] Available at: https://www.rnib.org.uk/sites/default/files/Learning_through_play_in_the_early_years%20%5BJJ%5D.doc


Leonard, H. C. and Hill, E. L. Review: The impact of motor development on typical and atypical social cognition and language: a systematic review. Child Adolesc Ment Health [Online] Wiley Online Library. 2014, Vol.19, Pages:163-170. [Viewed: 8 May 2019] Available at: http://research.gold.ac.uk/9875/1/Leonard%20%26%20Hill%20CAMH%202014.pdf

Mundy, P., & Newell, L. Attention, Joint Attention, and Social Cognition. Current directions in psychological science. [Online] NCBI. 2007. Vol.16, No.5, Pages: 269–274. [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2663908/

Niklas, F., Cohrssen, C., & Tayler, C. The Sooner, the Better: Early Reading to Children. SAGE Open [Online] 2016, Vol. 6, No. 4 [Viewed: 10 May 2019] Available at:  https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2158244016672715#articleCitationDownloadContainer

Recognize Quality: Parent and Caregiver Interactions Matter Smart Start. 2018 [Viewed: 6 May 2019] Available at: http://www.caswellchildren.org/uploads/9/4/4/3/9443036/_recognize_quality.pdf

Self Awareness Holinger, P. Psychology Today. 2012 [Viewed: 6 May 2019] Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/great-kids-great-parents/201211/self-awareness


The Five Stages of Self-Awareness Explain What Kids See in the Mirror Krisch, J.  Fatherly. 2017 [Viewed: 6 May 2019] Available at:



The Value of Solo Play Mattia, N. Parents 2001 [Viewed: 9 May 2019] Available at: https://www.parents.com/baby/development/intellectual/the-value-of-solo-play/


Todd, B., Barry, J.A. and Thommessen, S. Preferences for 'Gender-typed' Toys in Boys and Girls Aged 9 to 32 Months. Infant and Child Development, [Online] City University of London. 2017. Vol.26, No.3  [Viewed: 11 May 2019] Available at: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/15178/


Trainor, L. Cirelli, L. Rhythm and interpersonal synchrony in early social development. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. [Online] ResearchGate. 2015. Vol. 1337. No.1. [Viewed: 5 May 2019] Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273523312_Rhythm_and_interpersonal_synchrony_in_early_social_development


Tummeltshammer, K. S., Wu, R., Sobel, D. M., & Kirkham, N. Z. Infants Track the Reliability of Potential Informants. Psychological Science, [Online] SAGE. 2014. Vol.25, No.9, Pages:1730–1738. [Viewed: 8 May 2019] Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4954/0f5652a3f54638dc19d3ef514d3c211647aa.pdf?_ga=2.38685089.328230406.1557313205-1345723595.1556384676


Waite, S. Children Learning Outside the Classroom: From Birth To Eleven SAGE 2011 [Online] [Preview Viewed: 28 April 2019] Available at: https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Cpti2Drx3rgC&oi=fnd&pg=PA20&dq=importance+of+learning+outdoors+baby&ots=r4kKbMpm6a&sig=Tme5kUPsourZd87WqoDa6JxHr44#v=onepage&q=importance%20of%20learning%20outdoors%20baby&f=false