3-6 Months References

This page contains a full list of all the studies and research papers that were used in the creation of the 3-6 months Busy Brains Activity Packs. These findings inspired the compilation of the educational play ideas that are found inside. 

Abedon, E P. Why Laughter Is a Sign of Learning [Online] American Baby, 2004, Viewed: 17 April 2019] Available at:


Agnew, S. Parents, listen next time your baby babbles [Online] IOWA Now: The University of IOWA, 2014 [Viewed: 22 April 2019] Available from: https://now.uiowa.edu/2014/08/parents-listen-next-time-your-baby-babbles

Bailey, R. Corpus Callosum and Brain Function ThoughtCo, 2018 [Viewed: 15 April 2019] Available from:


Ballesteros M C, Hansen P E, Soila K, MR imaging of the developing human brain. Part 2. Postnatal development. Radio Graphics, [Online] RSNA, 1993, Vol 13. No. 3 [Viewed: 14 April 2019] Available from: https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/pdf/10.1148/radiographics.13.3.8316668

Barrera, M. Maurer, D. Discrimination of Strangers by the Three-Month-Old Child Development [Online] Research Gate. 1981, Vol. 52. No.2 p558-63 Available from: doi 10.2307/1129174.

Begley, S. Your Child’s Brain, [Online] Newsweek, February 19, 1996, pp. 55-61 [Viewed: 14 April 2019] Available from: https://www.newsweek.com/your-childs-brain-179930


Brain Mechanisms Underlying the Critical Period for Language: Linking Theory and Practice Kuhl, P. 2011 [Viewed: 14 April 2019] Available from: http://www.pas.va/content/dam/accademia/pdf/sv117/sv117-kuhl.pdf

Davis, N The vision thing: how babies colour in the world [Online] The Guardian, 2017 [Viewed: 20 April 2019] Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/apr/11/vision-thing-how-babies-colour-in-the-world

Early Mother – Infant Interaction Mӓntymaa, M. 2006 [Viewed: 23 April 2019] Available at: https://tampub.uta.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/67591/951-44-6604-7.pdf?sequence=1


Farroni T, Menon E, Rigato S, Johnson MH. The perception of facial expressions in newborns. European Journal of Developmental Psychology [Online] NCBI. 2007, Vol.4 No.1 Pages 2–13. [Viewed: 17 April 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2836746/

Ferry AL, Hespos SJ, Waxman SR. Categorization in 3- and 4-month-old infants: an advantage of words over tones. Child Development [Online] NCBI. 2010. Vol. 81 No. 2 Pages 472–479. [Viewed: 18 April 2019] Available from:



Gerry, D & U, Andrea & Trainor, L. Active music classes in infancy enhance musical, communicative and social development. Developmental science [Online] Research Gate 2012. Vol.15. Pages:398-407. [Viewed: 24 April 2019] Available from:



Hamlin JK, Wynn K, Bloom P. Three-month-olds show a negativity bias in their social evaluations. Developmental Science. [Online] NCBI. 2010. Vol.13 No. 6 Pages 923–929. [Viewed: 18 April 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2966030/


Kirk, E. Howlett, N. Pine, K J. Fletcher B C. To Sign or Not to Sign? The Impact of Encouraging Infants to Gesture on Infant Language and Maternal Mind‐Mindedness Society for Research in Child Development [Online], Wiley Online Library, 2013, Volume 84, Issue 2, Pages 574-590 [Viewed: 16 April 2019] Available from: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01874.x


Kuhl, P. (2010, October) The Linguistic Genius of Babies [Video file] [Viewed: 15 April 2019] Available from: https://www.ted.com/talks/patricia_kuhl_the_linguistic_genius_of_babies?language=en#t-152570

Libertus K, Needham A. Reaching experience increases face preference in 3-month-old infants. Developmental Science. [Online] NCBI. 2011, Vol.14 No.6, Pages:1355–1364. [Viewed: 23 April 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3888836/

Mash, C. Bornstein, M H, Arterberry M E, Brain dynamics in young infants’ recognition of faces Neuroreport. [Online] NCBI. 2013; Vol.24, No.7, Pages 359–363.[Viewed: 17 April 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3622798/


Safer Sleep for Babies – Support for Families The Lullaby Trust, 2016

[Viewed: 23 April 2019] Available from: https://www.lullabytrust.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/Evidence-Base-2016.pdf


Sheepskin and Babies: What You Need To Know Outlavish, 2016 [Viewed: 19 April 2019] Available from:



Slaughter V, Oostenbrook J, Suddendorf T, Nielson M, Redshaw J, Kennedy-Costantini S, Davis J, Clark S. Comprehensive Longitudinal Study Challenges the Existence of Neonatal Imitation in Humans. [Online] Current Biology, 2016, Vol. 26 No. 10 Pages: 1334-1338 [Viewed: 20 April 2019]. Available from: https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(16)30257-3?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982216302573%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

Trainor, L. Infant preferences for infant-directed versus noninfant-directed playsongs and lullabies Infant Behavior and Development [Online] ResearchGate. 1996, Vol. 19 No. 1, Pages: 83-92 [Viewed: 20 April 2019]. Available from: file:///C:/Users/110717/Downloads/Infant_preferences_for_infant-directed_versus_noni.pdf


Weisleder A, Fernald A. Talking to children matters: early language experience strengthens processing and builds vocabulary. Psychological Science. [Online] NCBI. 2013, Vol.24, No.11, Pages 2143–2152. [Viewed: 19 April 2019] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5510534/


3 Things you may not realise help your baby learn to sit up Coley, R. 2016

 [Viewed: 20 April 2019] Available from: http://www.candokiddo.com/news/sitting-skills

18 amazing ways to make your baby laugh Mother & Baby. 2019 [Viewed: 17 April 2019] Available at:


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