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4-5 Years References

This page contains a full list of all the studies and research papers that were used in the creation of the 4-5 years Busy Brains Activity Packs. These findings inspired the compilation of the educational play ideas that are found inside. 

Blair, D.S. The Child in the Garden: An Evaluative Review of the Benefits of School Gardening. The Journal of Environmental Education [Online] Semantic Scholar 2009. Vol. 40. No. 2 [Viewed: 26 July 2019] Available from:

Bodrova, E. & Leong, DJ. Tools of the Mind Vygotskian Approach to Early Childhood Education. 2nd Edition. USA: Pearson, 2007. [Online] [Viewed: 24 July 2019] Available from:

Bryant, P. & Maclean, M. & Bradley, L. Rhyme, Language, and Children's Reading. Applied Psycholinguistics. [Online] ResearchGate 1990.  Vol.11. Pages: 237 - 252. [Viewed: 27 July 2019] Available from:'s_Reading

Colour Blind Awareness Advice sheet for parents of children aged 3 to 7 [Viewed: 22 July 2019] Available from:


Diamond, A., & Lee, K. Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old. Science (New York, N.Y.) [Online] NCBI. 2011. Vol.333 No.6045, Pages: 959–964. [Viewed: 24 July 2019] Available from:


Flexible Thinking Cindy. 2019. [Online] [Viewed: 28 July 2019] Available from:


Flores, R. L. Kindergarten Teachers’ Beliefs about the Relationship between Music and Early Learning. Creative Education [Online] Scientific Research Publishing. 2018. No.9, Pages: 1835-1842. [Viewed: 21 July 2019] Available from:

Frazier, B. N., Gelman, S. A., & Wellman, H. M. Preschoolers' search for explanatory information within adult-child conversation. Child development [Online] NCBI 2009. Vol.80 No.6, Pages: 1592–1611. [Viewed: 24 July 2019] Available from:

Halberda, J., & Feigenson, L. Developmental change in the acuity of the "Number Sense": The Approximate Number System in 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-year-olds and adults. Developmental psychology, [Online] Semantic Scholar 2008. Vol.44 No.5, Pages: 1457-65 . [Viewed: 27 July 2019] Available from:

Ho, Wai-Chung. The Perception of Music Learning among Parents and Students in Hong Kong. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education [Online] JSTOR 2009. no. 181 Pages:71-93. [Viewed: 21 July 2019] Available from:

Inside the preschooler’s brain Pellissier, H. 2018. [Online] [Viewed: 20 July 2019] Available from:

James, K. H., & Engelhardt, L. The effects of handwriting experience on functional brain development in pre-literate children. Trends in neuroscience and education, [Online] NCBI 2012. Vol.1. No.1, Pages: 32–42. [Viewed: 25 July 2019] Available from:

Kamii, C. and Clark, F. B. Measurement of Length: The Need for a Better Approach to Teaching. School Science and Mathematics, [Online] Wiley Online Library. 1997, Vol.97, Pages: 116-121. [Viewed: 22 July 2019] Available from: file:///C:/Users/110717/Downloads/15514_chapter.pdf  

Kirsch, P. Lis, S. Esslinger, C. Gruppe, H, Danos, P. Broll, J. Wiltink, J. Gallhofer. B. Brain Activation during Mental Maze Solving. Neuropsychobiology. 2006;54:51–58

Lee, J.S. Preschool Teachers’ Shared Beliefs About Appropriate Pedagogy for 4-Year-Olds Early Childhood Education Journal [Online] Springer. 2006. Vol.33. No.6. Pages: 433-441 [Viewed: 28 July 2019] Available from:


Miller, H., Smith, M.M., & Trundle, K.C. What's the Weather like Today? Kindergarten Students Explore Wind through Strategies Designed to Reach Students of All Abilities. Science and Children [Online] ResearchGate 2014. Vol. 51. No. 5. Pages: 50-54 [Viewed: 21 July 2019] Available from: file:///C:/Users/110717/Downloads/Sci_Children_Trundle_14_Wind.pdf


Moore, S., & McCabe, A. E. Children learning to use the telephone: Emergency and non-emergency calling. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, [Online] APA Psych Net. 1996.  Vol.28 No.1, Pages: 61-69. [Viewed: 30 July 2019] Available from:


Newcombe, N., Drummey, A., Fox, N., Lie, E., & Ottinger-Alberts, W. Remembering Early Childhood: How Much, How, and Why (Or Why Not). Current Directions in Psychological Science [Online] JSTOR 2000. Vol.9 No.2, Pages: 55-58. [Viewed: 30 July 2019] Available from:


Oh, the Places You'll Go with Seuss' Rhymes in Tow, Pappas, S. 2012. [Viewed: 27 July 2019] Available from:


Poulsen, D.L., Kintsch, E., Kintsch, W., & Premack, D. Children's comprehension and memory for stories. Journal of experimental child psychology, [Online] Science Direct. 1979. Vol.28 No.3, Pages: 379-403. [Viewed: 28 July 2019] Available from:


Science Shows How Crossing Your Arms And Legs Can Hugely Change Your Brain, Koopman, D. Date unknown. [Viewed: 23 July 2019] Available from:


Sénéchal, M. & Thomas, E. & Monker, J-A. Individual Differences in 4-Year-Old Children's Acquisition of Vocabulary During Storybook Reading. Journal of Educational Psychology. [Online] ResearchGate. 1995. Vol.87. Pages: 218-229. [Viewed: 20 July 2019] Available from:'s_Acquisition_of_Vocabulary_During_Storybook_Reading/link/56450d6e08ae9f9c13e5b45a/download

Standley, J.M, Hughes, J.E. Evaluation of An Early Intervention Music Curriculum for Enhancing Prereading/Writing Skills Music Therapy Perspectives [Online] Oxford Academic. 1997. Vol 15, No. 2, Pages 79–86, [Viewed: 21 July 2019] Available from:

The Jossey-Bass Reader on the Brain and Learning Wiley, J. & Sons. 2017. [Online] [Viewed: 24 July 2019] Available from:


Understanding Executive Functioning Issues The Understood Team. Date Unknown. [Online]

[Viewed: 28 July 2019] Available from:

What is crossing the midline and why is it important? Child Development Centre. 2018.

 [Viewed: 23 July 2019] Available from:

White, R.E., Prager, E.O., Schaefer, C.E., Kross, E., Duckworth, A.L., & Carlson, S.M. The "Batman Effect": Improving Perseverance in Young Children. Child development, [Online] Wiley Online Library. 2017. Vol.88 No.5, Pages: 1563-1571 . [Viewed: 25 July 2019] Available from:

Williams, H. G., Pfeiffer, K. A., O'Neill, J. R., Dowda, M. , McIver, K. L., Brown, W. H. and Pate, R. R. Motor Skill Performance and Physical Activity in Preschool Children. Obesity, [Online] Wiley Online System. 2008. Vol.16. No.6. Pages: 1421-1426. [Viewed: 30 July 2019] Available from:

7 Benefits of Forward Rolls. My Gym Maitland. 2014 [Online] [Viewed: 25 July 2019] Available from:


8 Strategies To Improve Executive Functions Of The Brain Heick, T. 2016. [Online] [Viewed: 28 July 2019] Available from:

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