9-12 Months References

This page contains a full list of all the studies and research papers that were used in the creation of the 9-12 months Busy Brains Activity Packs. These findings inspired the compilation of the educational play ideas that are found inside. 

Baillargeon, R. Object permanence in 3½- and 4½-month-old infants. Developmental Psychology. [Online] ResearchGate. 1987. Vol.23. No.5. Pages: 655-664. [Viewed: 19 May 2019] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/286318902_Object_permanence_in_312-_and_412-month-old_infants


Born to Learn: What Infants Learn from Watching Us Meltzoff, A. 1999 [Viewed: 16 May 2019] Available at: http://ilabs.washington.edu/meltzoff/pdf/99Meltzoff_BornToLearn.pdf


Brain Child: A Primer for Developing Baby's Brain Burch, B. 2003 [Viewed: 25 May 2019] Available at: http://www.earlychildhoodmichigan.org/articles/12-03/SH-Brain5-28-03c.htm


Can a baby's motor skills predict future success? Howard, J. 2016. [Viewed: 22 May 2019] Available at: https://edition.cnn.com/2016/06/28/health/child-development-baby-milestones/index.html


Can art and craft make children more confident? iWonder 2019 [Viewed: 21 May 2019] Available from: http://www.bbc.co.uk/guides/z8k487h


Environmental Rating Scales Harms, Cryer and Clifford. Date unknown. [Viewed: 16 May 2019] Available at: https://ers.fpg.unc.edu/infanttoddler-environment-rating-scale-iters-r


Golinkoff, R., Can, D.D., Soderstrom, M. & Hirsh-Pasek, K. (Baby)Talk to Me: The Social Context of Infant-Directed Speech and Its Effects on Early Language Acquisition. Current Directions in Psychological Science. [Online] ResearchGate. 2015. Vol.24. No.5. Pages: 339-344. [Viewed: 21 May 2019] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283241616_BabyTalk_to_Me_The_Social_Context_of_Infant-Directed_Speech_and_Its_Effects_on_Early_Language_Acquisition


Hand-Clapping Songs Improve Child’s Motor and Cognitive Skills Oliver, R. 2018 [Viewed: 24 May 2019] Available from: https://psychcentral.com/news/2010/04/30/hand-clapping-songs-improve-child%E2%80%99s-motor-and-cognitive-skills/13388.html


Hand-clapping songs improve motor and cognitive skills, research shows Science Daily, 2010. [Viewed: 24 May 2019] Available from: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/04/100428090954.htm


Hay, D., Payne, A. & Chadwick, A. Peer Relations in Childhood Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry [Online] School of Psychiatry – Cardiff University. 2004. Vol.45. No. 1. Pages: 84-108. [Viewed: 23 May 2019] Available from: http://psych.cf.ac.uk/home2/hay/hay2004.pdf


How Does Your Brain Learn Through Trial and Error? Bergland, C. 2016 [Viewed: 20 May 2019] Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201603/how-does-your-brain-learn-through-trial-and-error


How Stacking/Nesting Toys can Develop Early Language and Fine Motor Skills. Lowsky, D. 2014 [Viewed: 23 May 2019] Available at:



Is your child’s vestibular system working? Learning depends on it. Williams, J. 2018 [Viewed: 25 May 2019] Available at:



Kucirkova, N. Dale, P.S., & Sylva, K Parents reading with their 10-month-old babies: key predictors for high-quality reading styles. Early Child Development and Care [Online] Taylor & Francis Online. 2018. Vol.188, No.2, Pages:195-207 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5341052/https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/citedby/10.1080/03004430.2016.1211117?scroll=top&needAccess=true

Learning Through Music: The Support of Brain Research Carlton, E. 2006 [Viewed: 16 May 2019] Available at: http://www.communityplaythings.com/resources/articles/2006/learning-through-music-the-support-of-brain-research


Nakano, T., & Kitazawa, S. Development of long-term event memory in preverbal infants: an eye-tracking study. Scientific reports, [Online] NCBI. 2017. Vol.7, No. 44086. [Viewed: 21 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5341052/


Neurons Work Together To Form Our Sense Of Texture Wood – U, M. 2019 [Viewed: 25 May 2019] Available at: https://www.futurity.org/texture-touch-nerves-brains-1987382/


Moo Baa La: How Animal Sounds Can Help Your Child Talk Child Talk. 2011 [Viewed: 19 May 2019] Available at: http://www.talkingkids.org/2011/04/moo-baa-la-how-animal-sounds-can-help.html

Musical intervention enhances infants’ neural processing of temporal structure in music and speech [Viewed: 16 May 2019] Available at: https://www.pnas.org/content/113/19/5212

Octavia and Vicky Gardner, K. 2014 [Viewed: 18 May 2019] Available at: http://octaviaandvicky.com/play/baby-obstacle-course?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+octaviavicky+(Octavia+and+Vicky)


Outdoor Experiences for Young Children Rivkin, M. 2000. [Viewed: 16 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ericdigests.org/2001-3/children.htm


Özkan, A. Using Eye-Tracking Methods in Infant Memory Research The Journal of Neurobehavioral Sciences [Online] eJManager. 2018. Vol. 5, No. 1.  [Viewed: 21 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ejmanager.com/mnstemps/34/34-1516325266.pdf?t=1558436688


Richmond, J. and Nelson, C. A. Relational memory during infancy: evidence from eye tracking. Developmental Science [Online] Wiley Online Library. 2009 Vol.12 Pages: 549-556. [Viewed: 21 May 2019] Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/showCitFormats?doi=10.1111%2Fj.1467-7687.2009.00795.x


Sing and Sign: helping babies communicate before speech. Sing and Sign. 2018. [Viewed: 15 May 2019] Available at: https://www.singandsign.co.uk/


Schwarzer, G., Freitag, C., & Schum, N. How Crawling and Manual Object Exploration are Related to the Mental Rotation Abilities of 9-Month-Old Infants. Frontiers in psychology [Online] NCBI. 2013. Vol.4, No.97. [Viewed: 18 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3586719/


Stages of Development. Lumen. Date Unknown. [Viewed: 19 May 2019] Available at: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/wsu-sandbox/chapter/stages-of development/#Figure_09_04_TruckBox


The Importance of Sensory Play in the Development of the Healthy Child. Adamovic, B. 2014. [Viewed: 23 May 2019] Available at:



Vestibular System Development in Babies Parker, O. 2012. [Viewed: 25 May 2019] Available at: http://bebezclub.com/vestibular-system-development-in-babies/


Wiener-Vacher, S. R., Hamilton, D. A., & Wiener, S. I. Vestibular activity and cognitive development in children: perspectives. Frontiers in integrative neuroscience [Online] NCBI. 2013. Vol.7, No.92.

[Viewed: 26 May 2019] Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3858645/


Why Outdoor Play Boosts your Baby’s and Toddler’s Brain Cells and More…. Safe Baby Healthy Child. 2009. [Viewed: 16 May 2019] Available at: https://safebabyhealthychild.com/why-outdoor-play-boosts-your-babys-and-toddlers-brain-cells-and-more/


Will teaching my baby to sign delay his speech? Hess, N. in Child Psychology and Parenting Blog Date Unknown [Viewed: 15 May 2019] Available at:http://www.child-psych.org/2009/04/will-teaching-my-baby-to-sign-delay-his-speech.html


Yu, C., & Smith, L. B. Joint attention without gaze following: human infants and their parents coordinate visual attention to objects through eye-hand coordination. PloS one [Online] NCBI. 2013. Vol.8, No.11. [Viewed: 27 May 2019] Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3827436/